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The American Missionary Association (AMA) 1839, was an evangelical abolitionists based in Albany New York,  predominantly sponsored by the Congregationalist churches in New England. The AMA’S chief purpose was to abolish slavery, promote racial equality and to develop educational opportunities for African Americans and other ethnic minority groups in the United States. They played a major role in the liberation movement for black in the post-Civil War reconstruction period.
The AMA followed the Amistad Committee and the Union Missionary Society (UMS), (1839 to 1878). The Organized in 1839, the Amistad Committee sole purpose at the time was to defend the group of African slaves who had mutinied against their Spanish owners and had brought their slave ship (The Amistad) traveling from Cuba into U.S. waters to seek protection there. The member of the Amistad Co mmittee originally made up the AMA Association.
After 1850 the AMA turned primarily to abolitionist activities in the deep south. The AMA was an integrated group with leaders and members of both races. The leaders had several things in common.  All were political abolitionists, belonging to the Liberty and the Free Soil parties who opposed to colonization, and all were church members of liberal communions.
 Once the American Civil War ended, the AMA built schools and churches for the freed slaves. The AMA founded several churches to promote Christian values. The Congregationalist Owen Lovejoy oversaw the establishment of over 150 churches. They opened over 500 schools for freed slaves and ethnic minorities; many for higher education, in the decades following the Civil War. The schools were open to all students and often operated as integrated institutions.

As the South recovered from the effects of the war and developed public school systems, the AMA turned over its elementary and secondary schools to the public systems and instead concentrated on improving and expanding colleges for blacks in the South. The AMA founded nine predominantly black colleges: Atlanta University, Dillard University, Fisk University, Hampton Institute (now Hampton University), Howard University, Huston-Tillotson College, LeMoyne College (now LeMoyne-Owen College), Talladega College, and Tougaloo College; it was also instrumental in founding the racially integrated Berea College. The AMA ceased operations as an independent body in the mid-20th century, and its papers and other collections became part of the Amistad Research Center at Tulane University.
American Missionary Association (AMA) | American, ( September 24, 2016).